Face Music - Projects - Tsam Dance Masks - Mongolia
  • Traditional Dance Masks of Buddhists - Khangard

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P & C December 1998
- Face Music / Albi

- last update 03-2016

Khangard - Bird - Garuda (Sanskrit) - the four local Lords

The mythical animals include: bull (also water ox), deer, garuda, monkey, and tiger.

Garuda, Dog's Head, Wild Board and Ash-Grey Old Man all belong to the group of masks called "The four local Lords ". They respresent the spirit and soul of deceased Shamans.
- He is a mythical bird demon. Garuda probably is also one of the servants of the God of Death, Yama. Garuda is an old Tibetian deity which was later on, according to Indian conception, identified with the enemy of the snake gods Naga (Sanskrit). Among believers of the Bon-religion, he is the patron god Kung.
According to popular belief of the Mongolian population, the mountain spirit ruling over the mountains Bojdochan-ula assumed this figure and became a follower of Buddhist faith. Today he is considered the patron saint of the mountain ranges associated with him and of the nearby town of Ulaanbaatar.


  • - green face colour
  • - eagle's head, sometimes with a kind of cockscomb
  • - with or without a multi-jagged crown
  • - usually curved long beak
  • - one or two horns
  • - sometimes a Third Eye of Wisdom in the middle of the forehead
  • - long dress

- He holds a snake or a trapping loop in his hand.

- Quite fast.

back to the Projects Dance Masks - Tsam Masks Mongolia

P & C Face Music - Ulaanbaatar, September / October 1999 - Albi
English translation: Hermelinde Steiner